For years, the Native people were not considered citizens, thus were not counted in the U.S. census, and treaties set in the 1800s had moved them off their land to what considered less desirable areas.
Some of these treaties allowed for individual Native people to receive an allotment of land. To receive this allotment of land, the Native person had to have a roll number, The roll number identified Indian names, English names, age, sex, and date of birth--and determined who received this allotment.
Not all tribes have or use roll numbers, but the Karuk tribe did. My roll number, 3743.
3743 and other enumerations like it were used by the government to identify our Indigenous peoples
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